"This special issue is devoted exclusively to a bold and exciting initiative to advance ECD policies, research and programs in Africa."
The articles in this special issue are written primarily by ECDVU SSA-1 graduates.
Editors: Alan Pence and Kofi Marfo
Africa ECD Voice News-Journal
The Role of Knowledge and Culture in Child Care in Africa
This book examines early childhood development (ECD) in Africa. The authors study the positive and negative cultural practices of ethnic groups in Kenya and Uganda and their influence on ECD. While emphasizing the positive, the authors argue that negative local practices such as female genital mutilation, child marriage, and child labor must be challenged because they may violate human rights and are detrimental to the well-being of children. Significantly, the authors conclude that while the forces of globalization have begun to transform education and have led to cultural disassociation in Africa, positive ECD strategies must strengthen rather than supplant the natural and local realities for children.
Authors: Auma Okwany, Elizabeth Ngutuku, Arthur Muhangi
The articles in this Special Section are based on contributions to an SRCD-sponsored invitational conference held in Victoria, Canada, in February 2009. The introductory article establishes the rationale for focusing on Africa as part of an effort to advance a more inclusive science of child development, provides a brief overview of the thrust of the other articles in the section, describes two research capacity-building initiatives that emerged from the conference, and concludes with reflective perspectives on conceptual and methodological considerations for a future African child development field.
Published: 2011 (Volume 5, Issue 2)
Links to ECD Journals in or focused on Africa
Locally Relevant and Quality ECCE Programmes: Implications of research on indigenous African Child Development and Socialization
Most sub-Saharan African societies display linguistic diversity, rapid social change, rural-urban contrasts in lifestyle and widespread biculturation. Planning and delivery of early childhood care and education (ECCE) services in the region have been constrained by the legacy of Western colonial occupation, low prevalence of literacy and limited institutionalization of systematic research. Some international agencies tend to construe ECCE as a compensatory intervention for children disadvantaged by poverty, primarily to prepare them for formal schooling. The design of ECCE services in Africa should focus on local strengths including indigenous games and music, emphasize community-based provision, incorporate participation by pre-adolescent children; use indigenous African languages and local funds of knowledge; and accord priority to inclusion of children with special needs. Strategies are identified to address the challenges confronting application of these recommendations.
Published: 2014; Open Access
Authors: Robert Serpell and A. Bame Nsamenang
Indigenous Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) Curriculum Framework for Africa: A Focus on Context and Contents
The history of human childhoods and efforts to care for and educate children during their early years of life has focused almost exclusively on models with origins from continents outside Africa. These models have been advocated as the universal ideals for early childhood care and education. This booklet represents a milestone in Africa’s struggles to document the preparation of its children for life. Since the focal ‘child’ is African, it advocates for a variety of developmental practices that can run concurrently with, and/or help re-form, existing western based approaches.
Published: 2014; Open Access
Authors: Patience Awopegba, Esther Oduolowu, and
A. Bame Nsamenang
Identified below are publications on ECD in SSA that relate closely to the three initiatives focused on by this website. In reviewing these selected publications you will note that we encourage the creation of Open Access (OA) materials so that they can be used at no cost to the reader. If you intend to use/adapt the material please ensure that you review the restrictions of that particular license (go to www.creativecommons.org for a full list of license descriptions).
For a larger range of SSA ECD related publications go to our related project, the searchable compendium located at: www.ecdafricaresources.org.
Child Development Perspectives
Special Section on Strengthening Africa's Contributions to Child Development Research
New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development Special Issue: Child Development in Africa: Views from Inside
The chapters collectively display a variety of African contexts and reflexive evidence of the authors’ African cultural roots. Connecting research with African audiences demands cooperative communication between educational practitioners and parents with low literacy, and cross-sector communication among professionals. Intracultural exploration of factors influencing the pattern of human development has begun to document the potential of indigenous African cultures as a fund of resources for enhancing child development. Priority topics for future African developmental research include multilingualism, musical performance, socially distributed caregiving, and the relation between adolescence and economic activity. Integration of multiple disciplines in the application of research-based principles to service delivery in the fields of community-based (re)habilitation and early childhood care and education calls for researcher collaboration with practitioners.
Published: 2014, Issue 146
Editors: Robert Serpell and Kofi Marfo
Africa's Future, Africa's Children
Early Childhood Care and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
This book presents a balanced collection of articles written by African and non-African authors ranging from field practitioners to academicians and from members of government organizations to those of non-governmental and local organizations. Topics covered include the rationale for investing in children, policy trends in ECD, historical perspectives of ECD in SSA including indigenous approaches, threats from HIV/AIDS, and the importance of fathers in children's lives.
Editors: Marito Garcia, Alan Pence, and Judith L. Evans
The international image of children is becoming increasingly homogeneous and Western-derived, with an associated erosion of the diversity of child contexts.
Culture, context and diversity are central concerns that have led to the development of several different critical streams of work within early childhood care and education during the 1990s. The authors describe some of these 'reconceptualisizg' efforts and identify various areas of promise for future cooperative work. The second part represents an effort to move beyond the singular image of the 'global child'. The authors address the ned to support and promote local perspectives, questions and issues, and trace the 'triple heritage' of ECD in Africa.
Authors: Alan Pence and Bame Nsamenang
Working Papers in Early Childhood Development
A case for early childhood development in sub-Saharan Africa
International Journal of Educational Policy, Research & Practice
Capacity Building for ECD in Africa: Introduction to Special Issue
ECD Networks in Africa
The Africa Early Childhood Network (AfECN) launched their website in early July 2017. AfECN brings together national and regional civil society organizations and networks, academia, entrepreneurs, and the private sector, in a collaborative effort towards improving outcomes and creating increased access to quality ECD services for all children in sub-Saharan Africa.
For more information visit their site at: https://africaecnetwork.org/.
Complexities, Capacities, Communities:
Changing Development Narratives in Early Childhood Education, Care and Development.
The term 'capacity building' has come into common usage in 21st century international development. While the term means different things to different people, it is often used to describe an infusion of knowledge or skills to help 'build' a government's or institution's ability to address key development challenges. However, like other well intentioned interventions from the industrialized West, such 'capacity building' can have destructive as well as productive impacts. This volume problematizes such activities and presents an alternative approach to promoting capacity in development contexts.
Authors: Alan Pence and Allison Benner
ECD in Africa
SSA Tertiary Institutions Survey
In 2010-2012 ECDVU, with UNICEF ESARO and UNESCO BREDA, conducted a survey of tertiary institutions in West & Central Africa, and East & Southern Africa, to create a list of ECD/ECCD/ECE programs offered by those institutions. That data list can be viewed/downloaded here.
For more information about the survey, go to the AS&I page on this website.